Coordinating the movement of supplies and materials is now a globalized process. Today, the business sector uses logistics as a term to describe the efficient flow and storage of goods from point of origin to the point of consumption. The supply chain is a vital part of this process. A proper supply chain may include transportation, shipping, receiving, storage, and management of all or one of these functions. Logistics may also apply to information, transportation, inventory, warehousing, material handling, packaging, disposal, and security within the business sector
Supply chain management (SCM) is a term within the field of logistics that focuses on production and involves the supply and distribution sides of the company. In some applications, SCM and logistics are interchangeable. There are several layers of logistics that are important for organizations to consider.